The issue of re-entry and incarceration has profound effects on individuals and communities. Beyond the physical confinement, these experiences can leave lasting emotional scars on those incarcerated and their families and communities. Recognizing the importance of understanding and addressing the emotional damage caused by incarceration, the field of sociology plays a crucial role in shedding light on this often-overlooked aspect. All ReEntrants in the Alternative Incarceration Program will participate in the studies Individual Perspective: Re-entering society after incarceration is a complex and challenging process. Formerly incarcerated individuals often face emotional distress, such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and deep shame and stigmatization. Sociology studies can provide insights into the underlying causes of emotional damage, examining factors like loss of identity, limited access to social support networks, reintegration struggles, and the traumatic experiences encountered within the correctional system. Community Perspective: The repercussions of emotional damage resulting from incarceration extend beyond individuals to entire communities. Families and friends of incarcerated individuals often experience emotional turmoil, facing difficulties in maintaining relationships, financial strain, and social isolation. Sociology studies can explore the impact of emotional damage on social networks and community cohesion, shedding light on the ripple effects of incarceration and the need for comprehensive support systems. Rehabilitation and Reintegration: Sociological Impacts must be addressed by policymakers and practitioners who can design more effective interventions by understanding the specific emotional needs of formerly incarcerated individuals. Such studies can guide the development of mental health services, counseling programs, vocational training, and support
Genomics is known to be the root of many, perhaps all, addictive behaviors
(1) The Oaks of Justice Research Program examines the influence of genomics on addiction, beginning with drug addiction. For example, women metabolize opiates more slowly than men
(2) and are, therefore, more prone to addiction and subsequent criminal behavior under the influence of opiates. Most importantly, addiction is correlated with Adult Child Syndrome and its influence on families and children
(3) Ultimately, the incarceration of a parent due to addiction leads to intensified Adult Child Syndrome in the home
(4) Genomics refers to the study of the impact of the environment on an individual's genetics and gene expression. Regarding children of incarcerated parents, genomics can play a significant role in shaping their developmental outcomes. Here are some ways in which genomics can affect these children:
It is essential to recognize that genomics is just one piece of the puzzle when understanding the effects of parental incarceration on children. Social, economic, and environmental factors and individual circumstances shape a child's experiences and outcomes. An improved understanding of genomic-based addiction will assist in managing offenders and may lead to reduced criminal behavior and recidivism.
Criminal Justice Research
Criminal Justice research is crucial in the ongoing efforts to restructure incarceration. The current state of the criminal justice system, particularly concerning incarceration, is plagued with several issues that demand immediate attention. These issues include overcrowding, racial disparities, high rates of recidivism, and a lack of effective rehabilitation. To address these challenges, research is essential in providing evidence-based solutions to bring about meaningful change. Research is needed is understanding the root causes of crime and it is crucial in identifying effective alternatives to incarceration. Traditional methods of punishment, such as lengthy prison sentences, have proven ineffective in reducing recidivism rates. By exploring alternative approaches like restorative justice, community-based corrections, and diversion programs, researchers can help guide policymakers in implementing more rehabilitative measures. These alternatives prioritize healing, accountability, and reintegration into society, aiming to break the cycle of crime. Criminal justice research is essential in addressing the racial disparities within the system. Studies consistently show that marginalized communities, particularly people of color, are disproportionately affected by incarceration. Research can guide policymakers in implementing evidence-based reforms by focusing on understanding the root causes of crime, identifying effective alternatives to imprisonment, and addressing racial disparities. Restructuring incarceration based on research findings can create a system focused on rehabilitation, reduces recidivism rates, promotes social justice, and ultimately contributes to a safer and more equitable society.
Summary for Research
Our Research Director will be responsible contracting the Primary Investigator and the Focus Group Managers and including all final research documents submitted.
The Research will include data from all modules of the Program, including Monitoring, Conflict Resolution, Community Outreach, Education & Training, Mental/Physical Health Sources.
The Research process of systematic inquiry that entails collection of data; documentation of critical information; and analysis and interpretation of that data/information, in accordance with suitable methodologies set by specific professional fields and academic disciplines to produce solid data reports to agencies and individuals in enlightenment of the need and ability to reduce recidivism.